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Phase 1 (2006 – 2009)


The Ethiopia Social Accountability Program (ESAP) was introduced by the Ethiopian government in collaboration with its development partners in 2006 as a pilot during the first phase of the Protection of Basic Services Program (PBS) to test a small range of Social Accountability (SA) tools, approaches and mechanisms to make basic service delivery more effective, efficient, responsive and accountable in 80 woredas.


Phase 2 (2012 – 2018)


The second phase of The Ethiopia Social Accountability Program aimed at strengthening the capacities of citizen groups and representatives and the government to work together in enhancing the quality of basic public services that are delivered to the citizens of Ethiopia.


It was implemented from 2012 to 2016, then extended to 2018. Close to 100 partner CSOs implemented SA activities in 223 woredas distributed over all of the country’s regions and the two city administrations.



Phase 3 (2019 – mid 2024)


During ESAP3, the number of woredas has expanded to 416. ESAP’s programmatic features are designed to produce supply-side and demand-side change, both independently and interactively.


Aiming at strengthening the SA systems and mechanisms for enhanced service delivery in Ethiopia, the program builds on existing woreda-level institutions and citizen representative organizations, such as the woreda council, administration and sector offices, the Financial Transparency and Accountability program (FTA), traditional citizen-representing organizations, representative organizations of minority groups and other Community-Based Organizations (CBOs). Woreda Social Accountability Committees (WSACs) also constitute the backbone of the program, and currently, 410 WSACs with 5,086 (1, 803 female) members, are leading the SA process. 

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